To evaluate equation 3, we use g′ = 0.04 m/s2, ε−1 = 1.6 year, and the monthly wind stress data from the European Centre for Medium‐Range Weather Forecasts Interim Re‐Analysis (ERA‐Interim) product that has a spatial resolution of 0.75° × 0.75°(Dee et al., 2011). What cities are in Gilpin County Colorado, Where is Garfield County Colorado? Sequential maps of sea surface height field from 8 November 2009 to 12 February 2010. Because of the tidal aliasing issue noted in section 1, we will explore in this study the 50‐day oscillation and its interannual modulations in the CS based on the 3‐day ECCO2 output only. Celebes Beach Resort is a new secluded two stars resort located in the Celebes Sea. Mataking Island is a Malaysian island located in the Celebes Sea on the state of Sabah. What cities are in Yolo County California, Where is Russia? What cities are in Chaffee County Colorado, Where is Baca County Colorado? The ECCO2 state estimate data set is available at http://apdrc.soest.hawaii.edu/datadoc/ecco2_cube92.php, the AVISO SSH data at http://www.aviso.oceanobs.com/, and the ERA‐Interim wind stress data at http://apdrc.soest.hawaii.edu/datadoc/ecmwf_era‐interim.php. Physically, the EOF mode 1 represents the large‐scale SSH changes in the tropical western Pacific Ocean in response to the dominant ENSO‐modulated wind forcing. The basin is bordered on the East by Sangihe Arc and Southern Philippines, on the south by the north arm of Sulawesi, on the west by Kalimantan and on the north by the Sulu Archipelago. Specifically, during the mature phase of El Niño events, the western Pacific SSH anomaly tends to have a high‐low‐high tripolar meridional structure, reflecting the intensification and northward expansion of the NECC and North Equatorial Current (e.g., Chen et al., 2016; Qiu & Lukas, 1996; Zhao et al., 2013). A magnitude-5.3 offshore earthquake occurred in the Celebes Sea, north of Karakelong Island, Talaud Islands Regency, North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, at around 1246 WITA Dec. 28. This map shows the location of the Philippines within Asia, specifically Southeast Asia. Quake Data | Interactive map | User Reports | Earlier quakes in same area | Quakes in Philippines | Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao | Zamboanga Peninsula | Soccsksargen. Celebes Sea, just south of the Philippines. September 27 – October 16, 2007 Our expedition takes us to unexplored waters south of the Philippine Islands, in search of the strange — and possibly unknown — fishes, jellyfish, squids, and shrimp that live in the dark deep waters of the Celebes Sea. Where is Celebes Sea? Finally, the unique geometry of the CS basin, being approximately rectangular in shape, can work to amplify oceanic variability through resonance (Masumoto et al., 2001; Qiu et al., 1999). The resort is based on Pom Pom Island where the peaceful white sandy beaches seem endless and the waters are a perfect turquoise blue.Whether you are interested in an idyllic beach holiday or … This repeat cycle aliases the semidiurnal M2 tides, for example, into the 62.1‐day altimeter‐derived sea surface height [SSH] signals [Ray, 1998].) These results from the multiple regression analysis indicate that while the 40‐ to 60‐day eddy modulations dictate the variability of the salinity maximum water inside the CS, their impact becomes weaker in the downstream Makassar Strait, where the salinity maximum water is affected additionally by the low‐frequency ENSO modulations. The strong air‐sea interaction surrounding the Maritime Continent exposes the CS to intense regional wind forcing of monsoons and Madden‐Julian Oscillations (Madden & Julian, 1994; Zhang, 2005). There are 7 ways to get from Jakarta to Celebes Sea by plane. Celebes Sea Sulu Sea BRUNEI MALAYSIA Mindanao North Kalimantan STRAITS TIMES GRAPHICS Sabah. Instead of the regional monsoonal wind forcing, quantification using a linear vorticity model reveals that it is the basin‐wide wind forcing extending at least to 140°W that determines the 40‐ to 60‐day oscillation modulations via baroclinic Rossby wave adjustment. Inside the CS basin and the Makassar Strait, there exists a clear negative value, indicating that as the level of 40‐ to 60‐day eddy activity increases, more North Pacific‐origin fresh water tends to penetrate into the CS and its downstream region. Mag. ... Celebes Sea in 1918). The Philippines is a country of 7,107 islands located in southeast Asia. Physically, this is consistent with the eddy evolution pattern depicted in Figure 6: The 40‐ to 60‐day eddies that penetrate into the CS have their North Pacific origin in the Mindanao Current and an enhanced eddy activity can be expected to lower the CS salt content through lateral salt transport. The long‐term freshening trend seen in Figure 13b is also consistent with the overall increasing trend in I50d. What cities are in Middlesex County, Where is Litchfield County Connecticut? While the broadbanded intraseasonal signals are detected in all subregions of the Indonesian Seas, the SST variability inside the CS was found to have a relatively narrow spectral peak centered at 56 days, whose characteristics are different from those in the Banda and Timor Seas. Regional Maps: Map of Asia. Dynamically, the interannual modulation amplitude of the 40‐ to 60‐day oscillations is represented well by the sea level difference signals in the western tropical Pacific Ocean (128°E–145°E) north and south of 7.5°N. As no observational data are imposed in the forward integration, the ECCO2 output can be considered as dynamically and thermodynamically consistent (Wunsch et al., 2009). Throughout the mooring duration, persistent 50‐day flow oscillations were detected at the depths of 350 and 550 m. The observed flow fluctuations at these two depths tended to be out of phase, suggesting the baroclinic nature of the observed 50‐day oscillations. predominant actors’ within the Sulu-Celebes Sea since the early 2000s. To verify aspects of the ECCO2 state estimate in the region of our interest, we use in this study the merged SSH anomaly data distributed by Archiving, Validation, and Interpolation of Satellite Oceanographic (AVISO) data (http://www.aviso.oceanobs.com/) that combines simultaneous measurements from two satellite altimeters (TOPEX/Poseidon or Jason‐1 and ERS or Envisat). (a, b) Spatial pattern and principal component (PC) of empirical orthogonal function mode 1 of sea surface height anomalies from the Archiving, Validation, and Interpolation of Satellite Oceanographic (AVISO) data set. and Chemical Oceanography, Physical Compared to the correlation coefficient |r| = 0.77 between S′(t) and However, it is encouraging to see that the ECCO2 state estimate is capable to simulate the EOF mode 2 of the AVISO SSH signals equally well, both in terms of their spatial patterns (Figures 3a and 3c) and their PC time series (Figures 3b and 3d). What cities are in Clear Creek County Colorado, Where is Cheyenne County Colorado? What cities are in Cheyenne County Colorado, Where is Chaffee County Colorado? Notice that in Figure 6h, about 60 days after the initial cyclonic eddy pinched off from the Mindanao Current, a second cyclonic eddy can be seen to start to pinch off at the same location from the retroflecting Mindanao Current at south of the Mindanao Island. Interactive Map. Although these wind stress data are adjusted as a result of assimilation, their adjustment is quite minor across the tropical North Pacific basin of our interest (figure not shown). Physics, Comets and Interval between each map is 12 days. What cities are in Elbert County Colorado, Where is Eagle County Colorado? 2.4 earthquake - Celebes Sea, 48 km northwest of Kalamansig, Sultan Kudarat, Soccsksargen, Philippines, on Saturday, 12 Dec 4:39 am (GMT +8) - Minor magnitude 2.4 earthquake at 16 km depth 11 Dec 21:30 UTC : First to report: PHIVOLCS after 51 minutes. What cities are in Sharp County Arkansas. Online Versions: National Library of Australia digitised item; Edition: Large corrections to 1887. Find CELEBES SEA (N 3° 36' 43.5852", E 122° 17' 59.298") on a map. Regressed (a) sea surface height and (b) surface velocity field to the 50‐day oscillation index. attempted incidents of abduction of crew from ships while underway in the Sulu-Celebes Sea and eastern Sabah region. What cities are in Rio Blanco County Colorado, Where is Prowers County Colorado? What cities are in Weld County Colorado, Where is Teller County Colorado? (2015). The entirety of the Sulu Sea is Philippine internal waters and the majority of the incidents occur within, or in close proximity to Territorial Waters. To do so, we plot in Figures 10a and 10b (solid lines) the low‐pass filtered SSH anomaly time series hN(t) and hS(t) in the box (128°E–145°E, 8°N–12°N) and (128°E–145°E, 3°N–7°N) north and south of the dipolar SSH boundary, respectively. Aside from the localized spectral peaks at the annual and semiannual frequencies (2.73 × 10−3 and 5.48 × 10−3 cpd), there exists enhanced SSH variability in the intraseasonal band of 40–60 days (frequency = 1.6–2.5 × 10−2 cpd) in accordance with the observational findings by Kashino et al. During the active years of 40‐ to 60‐day oscillations, increased eddy activities work to transport fresher North Pacific‐origin water into the CS, resulting in lowered salt content in the salinity‐maximum Tropical Water. Rather than forced by the Madden‐Julian Oscillation‐related wind forcing, the intraseasonal SST signals in the CS are hypothesized by Napitu et al. Celebes Sea IHO 23-3rd: Limits of Oceans and Seas, Special Publication 23, 3rd Edition 1953, published by the International Hydrographic Organization. Geostatistics. The Sulu Sea and Celebes Sea are to the south of the Philippines. Ang Dagat Celebes o Dagat Sulawesi sa kanluran ng Dagat Pasipiko ay ginigilid sa hilaga ng Kapuluang Sulu, Dagat Sulu at Mindanao ng Pilipinas, sa silangan ng mga ulo ng Sangihe, sa timog ng Sulawesi, at sa kanluran ng Kalimantan sa Indonesia.Itong dagat na ito ay kahawig ng isang malaking lunas, at kasing lalim ng 6,200 m. Ang kabuuang lawak nito ay 110,000 m sq. To confirm these 40‐ to 60‐day SSH variability in the physical space, we show in Figure 5 the time‐longitude diagram of the 100‐day high‐pass filtered SSH anomalies along 4°N, the center latitude of the CS. Lying just north of the equator, the Celebes Sea is the center of the most biologically diverse area of the world’s ocean. To some degree, it may not be surprising that the dominant ENSO‐induced variability is fully captured by ECCO2. found: Wikipedia, November 25, 2019 (Celebes Sea (Indonesian: Laut Sulawesi, Filipino: Dagat Selebes) of the western Pacific Ocean is bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelago and Sulu Sea and Mindanao Island of the Philippines, on the east by the Sangihe Islands chain, on the south by Sulawesi's Minahassa Peninsula, and on the west by Kalimantan in Indonesia. The Celebessee (or Sulawesi Lake) is a 472,000 km2 marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean … In the east lies the Pacific Ocean, in the Northeast the Philippine Sea and in the north the Sulu archipelago, which is the border to the Sulu Sea. The Molucca Sea (Indonesian: Laut Maluku) is located in the western Pacific Ocean, around the vicinity of Indonesia, specifically bordered by the Indonesian Islands of Celebes (Sulawesi) to the west, Halmahera to the east, and the Sula Islands to the south. The Celebes Sea (CS), also known as the Sulawesi Sea, is a choke point where the western Pacific Ocean circulation and water masses are connected and intermingled to those in the eastern Indian Ocean. Where is Sharp County Arkansas? The I50d is shown in Figure 7 by the thick black line. Scale: Scale [ca. To quantify the frequency content of the time variability inside the CS, we plot in Figure 4 the power spectrum of the ECCO2 SSH data in the area 117°E–125°E and 1°N–6°N of the CS basin. 2020-06-03 20:13:47 (UTC) 4.687°N 122.747°E. / Russia Map, Where is Orange County California? Figure 15a compares S′(t) and the best‐fit Dynamically, this good correlation implies that instead of a regional phenomenon, the interannual modulations in the 40‐ to 60‐day oscillations inside the CS have an origin in the broader tropical Pacific Ocean. The birds of Celebes and the neighbouring islands (1898) (14568848967).jpg 2,292 × 2,846; 1.17 MB Txu-pclmaps-oclc-6528520-andulinang reef-sheet 28252.jpg 4,269 × 4,498; 3.37 MB US Navy 050806-N-3293G-012 Boatswain's Mate 2nd Class Robert Persi conducts a respiratory fitting test on Sailors aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Tarawa (LHA 1).jpg 2,100 × 1,500; 594 KB Inside the CS basin, the intraseasonal eddy signals show zonally coherent westward propagation with a speed at 0.12 m/s and the dominance of the 40‐ to 60‐day oscillation is clearly identifiable. The fact that the ECCO2 state estimate is able to successfully simulate the leading two EOF mode signals observed in the tropical western Pacific Ocean is important because these large‐scale low‐frequency circulation changes are dynamically responsible for the interannual modulations in the surrounding marginal sea circulation, including that in the CS of our interest. What cities are in Adams County Colorado, Where is Yolo County California? / Where is Russia Located in The World? As shown in Figure 9, the time series of the low‐pass filtered PC 2 and I50d have a linear correlation coefficient reaching 0.72. Time series of sea surface height anomalies (SSHAs) averaged in box (a) 128°E–145°E, 8°N–12°N and (b) 128°E–145°E, 3°N–7°N. Southward shifting of the wind‐driven North Pacific tropical gyre and the concurrent strengthening of the Mindanao Current southeast of the Mindanao Island in these years are found to be inducive for the generation of cyclonic eddies intruding into the Celebes Sea. In order to better quantify the interannual modulations of the intraseasonal eddy variability inside the CS, we introduce in this study the 50‐day oscillation index, I50d, defined by low‐pass filtering the intraseasonal kinetic energy time series shown in Figure 7 to remove the signals shorter than 1.5 years. NOAA Deep-Sea Coral & Sponge Map Portal. (b) Salinity anomaly distribution regressed to the 50‐day oscillation index. , adding the contribution from the ENSO variability increases the correlation coefficient to r = 0.79 only. CELEBES SEA: Date time: 2021-01-07 16:48:16.0 UTC: Location: 3.96 N ; 123.47 E: Depth: 74 km: More details: Map of testimonies: View testimonies on interactive maps; Witness location : Zamboanga (Philippines) (361 km NW from epicenter) Time : T0+ 2 min . It is worth noting that the 50‐day oscillation index corresponds well to the interannual signals captured in the EOF mode‐2 PC time series of Figure 3d. To visualize the life cycle of the 40‐ to 60‐day oscillation signals captured in Figure 5, it is instructive to examine a representative event that occurred between 8 November 2009 and 12 February 2010. The Philippines is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, specifically the South China Sea, the Sulu Sea, the Celebes Sea, and the Philippine Sea. Exploring the Inner Space of the Celebes Sea 2007 . Volume 27, Issue 3, 25 February 1999, Pages 309-325, 25 February 1999, Pages 309-325 What cities are in Las Animas County Colorado, Where is Larimer County Colorado? Red lines in (b) and (d) indicate Niño‐3.4 index. Numerous observational, numerical, and theoretical studies in the past have examined the regional circulation fluctuations around the Indonesian Archipelagos with the focus often on the temporal changes of ITF. The Sulu-Celebes Seas region covers the tri-boundary area of the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. What cities are in Dolores County Colorado, Where is Delta County Colorado? What cities are in Routt County Colorado, Where is Rio Grande County Colorado? As shown in Figures 6a–6c, the retroflecting Mindanao Current south of the Mindanao Island formed a cyclonic eddy that grew progressively during November and early December in 2009. Consistent with the regression result shown in Figure 12b, the low‐frequency salinity variability shown by the black line in Figure 13b exhibits a negative correlation, r = − 0.77, with the I50d time series. Located at the western end of the tropical Pacific Ocean, the CS is where westward‐propagating interior oceanic variability of various sources accumulates. The epicenter was approximately 400 km (249 miles) north-northeast of Manado, North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. ODP Leg 124 Site Map Dnipropetrovsk Map. New Guinea 10. Compared to Figure 13b, the salinity anomalies associated with the salinity‐maximum Tropical Water at the Makassar Strait tend to have smaller amplitude and their correlation with the I50d time series is also lower at r = − 0.65. The Celebessee (or Sulawesi Lake) is a 472,000 km2 marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean … In the east lies the Pacific Ocean, in the Northeast the Philippine Sea and in the north the Sulu archipelago, which is the border to the Sulu Sea. When I50d is high in 1993, 2002, 2006–2010, and 2013–2015, for example, the salinity anomaly values are generally low. The strategic sea-lane positioning of Indonesia also played host to the cultivation of international trade with China and Indian kingdoms. Shallow depth of field focus on geographical map location of Celebes Sea off coast of Indonesia on atlas. Learn more. It had a magnitude of 8.3 on the moment magnitude scale and a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Using the ocean state estimate of 1993–2016 from the Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean, Phase II, we detected strong interannual modulations in the shedding of cyclonic eddies at the Celebes Sea entrance. The border between Indonesia and the Philippines consists of a maritime boundary mainly on the Celebes Sea that separates the two Southeast Asian countries as defined through a pact that was signed by both parties in 2014. Celebes Sea Expedition An ocean explorer with the New England Aquarium will be exploring the Celebes Sea, renowned for its diversity. It is bounded by the Celebes Sea to the north, by the province of Gorontalo to the northeast, by the Gulfs of Tomini and Tolo to the east, by the provinces of Southeast Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) to the extreme southeast, South… History at your fingertips Sign up here to see what happened On This Day, every day in your inbox! It is strategically located and most international shipping passes through its maritime sea lanes. The interannual modulations of the CS 40‐ to 60‐day oscillations are related to the second‐mode EOF of the interannually varying SSH field in the western tropical Pacific Ocean. In comparison to the CS case, the change in r value in the Makassar Strait case by adding the ENSO‐induced variability is more substantial: While |r| = 0.65 between S′(t) and Geophysics, Geomagnetism This mode explains 63.4% and 55.1% of the total SSH variance in the ECCO2 and AVISO data, respectively. 608.8 km depth. The Molucca Sea has a total surface area of 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km). The earthquake's epicenter (marked with a star icon on the map) was located near the towns of Rizal and Bongabon in Nueva Ecija. Since it is constructed in a dynamically and thermodynamically consistent way (see section 2) and produced adequately the intraseasonal eddy variability inside the CS, the ECCO2 state estimate is well suited to explore the interannual modulations of the CS 50‐day oscillations. A zonal SSH ridge along ~9°N appears, however, more pronounced in the ECCO2 EOF result than AVISO data. The oriented high-temperature component directions were tightly clustered around a pair of antipodal directions. Active eddy sheddings occurred during 1993, 2002–2003, 2006–2010, and 2013–2015. What is Rehoboth Beach known for? Working off-campus? As can be identified in the PC time series, the EOF mode 2 represents the seasonal SSH changes that modulate interannually in the tropical western Pacific Ocean. What Sea is Japan in? What cities are in Huerfano County Colorado, Where is Hinsdale County Colorado? A very similar salinity variability is detected in the 75‐ to 175‐m layer at the entrance of the Makassar Strait at 119°E–120°E and 1°N (Figure 14). Pan. Consistent with Figure 5, it reveals significant kinetic energy level fluctuations on the interannual time scales. The seas of Southeast Asia, which include the South China Sea (SCS), the Gulf of Thailand, the Indonesian Sea and the Sulu-Celebes Sea,1 host 1390 offshore platforms for hydrocarbon production. Where is Sulu Sea? What cities are in Hinsdale County Colorado, Where is Grand County Colorado? Figure 13b shows the salinity anomaly time series at this location averaged in the 75‐ to 175‐m layer. What cities are in New Haven County, Where is Middlesex County Connecticut? (b) Salinity anomaly time series in the 75‐ to 175‐m layer (red line). Close-up imagery showing a type of goose-neck barnacle, shrimp and a scaleworm on Kawio Barat submarine volcano. Geophysics, Biological For this study, we use the 3‐day averaged ECCO2 output from 1993 to 2016 (http://apdrc.soest.hawaii.edu/datadoc/ecco2_cube92.php). What cities are in San Miguel County Colorado, Where is Saguache County Colorado? The eddy‐permitting ocean state estimate is obtained by a least squares fit of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology general circulation model to available satellite observations and in situ measurements. Within the Indonesian Seas, Napitu et al. What cities are in La Plata County Colorado, Where is Kit Carson County Colorado? In addition to the atmospheric wind forcing, the CS is also at the crossroads of equatorial and coastal waveguides of the Pacific, the Indian, and the neighboring marginal seas (e.g., Gordon et al., 2012; Potemra, 2001; Sprintall et al., 2000; Wijffels & Meyers, 2004; Zhuang et al., 2013), subjecting it to oceanic variability of remote origins. Required fields are marked *, Nerede Çekiliyor To clarify the dynamical processes behind the interannual modulations of 40‐ to 60‐day oscillations inside the CS, we regress the ECCO2 SSH and surface velocity anomaly fields to the 50‐day oscillation index I50d (see Figures 8a and 8b). Given the modest correlation between the salinity anomaly signals and, Black lines: Salinity anomaly time series in (a) the Celebes Sea and (b) the Makassar Strait entrance (same as the black lines in Figures, Journal of Advances found: Wikipedia, November 25, 2019 (Celebes Sea (Indonesian: Laut Sulawesi, Filipino: Dagat Selebes) of the western Pacific Ocean is bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelago and Sulu Sea and Mindanao Island of the Philippines, on the east by the Sangihe Islands chain, on the south by Sulawesi's Minahassa Peninsula, and on the west by Kalimantan in Indonesia. Dynamical processes responsible for the detected interannual modulations are examined next. Earthquake occurred on 15 August at 12:18 UTC near the Moro Gulf coast of Indonesia on.! Weakened and moved subsequently southward ( Figures 6g and 6h celebes sea direction introduction Celebes... Forced by the thick black line shows the interannual modulations are examined.. 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