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The lack of official criteria and standards for NGOs seeking approval to provide victim services created obstacles for NGOs to obtain licenses and for victims to access care. What is the extent of human trafficking in Serbia? The government opened the URC in February 2019, designed to provide safe shelter and services, after five years of delays; the URC had the capacity to accommodate six victims. Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for women and girls trafficked trans-nationally and internally for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. 1st Evaluation Round GRETA's Report and Government’s Comments, published 16 January 2014; The government incorporated trafficking issues into grade school curriculums. The CPD maintained an Anti-Trafficking Unit within the Directorate to Combat Organized Crime. A general upward trend in the number of boys and men in the total number of identified trafficking victims was observed in last three years. First responders referred 193 potential victims (142 in 2017) to the government’s Center for Protection of Trafficking Victims (CPTV); law enforcement referred 89 (44 in 2017), social welfare organizations referred 45 (57 in 2017), other government entities referred 21, and 38 were referred by civil society or other means (41 in 2017). CPTV had two units, the protection agency and the urgent reception center (URC). Women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking in private homes and apartments, nightclubs, and massage parlors. Publisher. The Government of Serbia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The perpetrators also sold three of these women and girls to other soldiers. In that context, the average age of children – trafficking victims is significantly lower (around 13) compared with figures from a few years ago. The National Human Trafficking Hotline maintains a list of potential red flags and indicators of human trafficking to help you recognize some of the signs of human trafficking.. Common Work and Living Conditions. Observers reported Serbian authorities threatened some victims with prosecution for non-cooperation. Children, mostly Roma, continued to be trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation, forced marriage or forced street begging. The government maintained a drop-in shelter for street children and when authorities identified victims, they returned them to their families, referred them to foster care, or placed them in one of the two Centers for Children without Parental Care. OSCE Mission to Serbia; Combating human trafficking; Resources . The government formed a trafficking task force that coordinated efforts to proactively investigate trafficking and maintained a separate human smuggling and trafficking task force that also investigated trafficking. Some research findings confirm that women in Serbia were generally less paid than their male colleagues, in spite of having higher education. Civil suits were lengthy, expensive, and required the victim to face the abuser numerous times; only two victims received compensation to date. Traffickers exploit Serbian children, particularly Roma, within the country in sex trafficking, forced labor, forced begging, and petty crime. Agency’s role is to coordinate all organizations and institutions involved in counter-trafficking effort in Serbia. Drawing up this Strategy, strategic goals have been set forth, which implementation is planned through different activities worked out in the National Plan of Action for combating trafficking in human beings. Victims frequently appeared in front of their traffickers and did not receive notification when authorities released their traffickers from custody. Judges did not always grant witness protection to trafficking victims or adequately protect victims’ rights during lengthy court proceedings. During the same period, we have observe rise in the number of children that end up in the trafficking chain. Date. The government financed a television show and a media project on trafficking issues and organized educational and outreach activities, but efforts were on an ad hoc basis. Country monitoring / Serbia / Serbia . The government established and trained trafficking units in 27 regional police administrations, with at least two officers exclusively investigating trafficking. The Public Prosecutor’s Office (PPO) maintained specialized prosecutors for trafficking cases, who acted as single points of contact for investigators and care providers and provided operational guidance; however, the government did not have a system to consistently refer trafficking cases to these prosecutors or to judges trained and experienced on trafficking issues. The results of a research study on domestic violence in Serbia, conducted by the Victimology Society of Serbia, indicate that every other woman in Serbia experiences mental violence in family, every third suffer physical violence and every fourth is threatened by violence. During the 1980s, Serbia (and former Yugoslavia as a whole), as a country with better living standards compared with the rest of the region, was primarily the country of destination for women from Eastern Europe. Traffickers exploit Serbian women in sex trafficking in Serbia, in neighboring countries, and throughout Europe, particularly Austria, Germany, Italy, … The government finished consolidating the jurisdiction to investigate trafficking under the CPD; in previous years, the border police and Foreigners Office split this responsibility, which hindered investigations because of unclear jurisdiction and the implication that trafficking required a transnational element. The government penalized victims for crimes committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking, particularly forced criminality. When ASTRA was started, the problem of human trafficking in Serbia was not widely known nor theoretically studied. Currently, there are two shelters specialized for victims of human trafficking operating in Serbia: one within NGO Counseling against Family Violence and another run by NGO Atina, which is focused on the reintegration of victims of human trafficking. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Protection of Human Trafficking Victims, among the identified victims of human trafficking during 2012 in Serbia, 77% were persons of female gender. CPTV maintained a protocol with the National Employment Service (NES) to assist victims in finding employment; CPTV referred 37 victims to NES for assistance (36 in 2017). LCSW operated shelters for domestic violence victims that also accommodated female trafficking victims. Human Trafficking - Manual for Journalists. CPTV assessed and officially recognized victims referred by first responders and developed a protection and assistance plan for each victim. Astra.rs koristi kolačiće (cookies), nastavkom korišćenja ovog sajta slažete se sa našom politikom privatnosti. Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes The government identified more victims and opened the urgent reception center after a delay of five years. Statistical analysis shows a great share of the nationals human trafficking victims within the borders of the Republic of Serbia, an increase in the number of children human trafficking victims, dual or multiple exploitation of victims, as well as an increase in the number of Serbian nationals who are human trafficking victims abroad, namely male victims of labour exploitation in … During this period, victims were primarily transferred across the territory of Serbia from Bulgaria, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine on their way to Bosnia (and further on to Italy, Spain, France), Kosovo and Metohija and Macedonia (to Greece, Saudi Arabia) and to the countries of Central and Northern Europe. Two additional victims identified in the migrant population were granted asylum. Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. Many sex trafficking victims in Kosovo are girls, although Kosovo criminal groups also force women from Albania, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, and other European countries into sex trafficking. Serbia dismantles human trafficking ring — filed under: Afghanistan , Serbia , trafficking , Syria ( BELGRADE ) - Serbian police took down a human trafficking ring on Wednesday with the arrest of 46 illegal immigrants from Syria and Afghanistan who were likely bound for the European Union. Ms Vukasović has 20 years of experience in combating gender-based violence and … Because of the war and the arrival of foreign military troupes during the disintegration of SFRY, the number of victims of human trafficking in Serbia grew. • Allocate sufficient resources to enable the Center for the Protection of Trafficking Victims to implement victim protection efforts. B92 News, 16 September 2006 An official website of the United States government, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. During the 1980s, Serbia (and former Yugoslavia as a whole), as a country with better living standards compared with the rest of the region, was primarily the country of destination for women from Eastern Europe. Law enforcement charged a police officer involved in sex trafficking. The privatization of the socially-owned sector during the process of economic and political transition affects increase in the unemployment of women who mostly work in socially-owned enterprises, in traditional “women” occupations. 18 February 2009. ASTRA's goal is to contribute to the eradication of human trafficking. • Improve training for government personnel on victim assistance and referral. The government also used an outdated national referral mechanism that lacked established roles and responsibilities for referring victims to support services. Observers reported CPTV continued to consistently appoint lawyers to represent victims, but the length of trials and assistance provided to victims depended on the individual prosecutor or judge. In December 2006, the Government of Serbia adopted the Anti-Trafficking Strategy, which comprises a series of measures and activities that should be undertaken in order to suppress this problem. Relevant factor which contributes to increase in human trafficking in Serbia is certainly the escalation (or increased registration) of domestic violence. Because of the war and the arrival of foreign military troupes during the disintegration of SFRY, the number of victims of human trafficking in Serbia grew. Degrading social and economic circumstances contributed to the feminization of poverty in our country, which becomes one of the main causes for the migration of women. Anti-trafficking actors do not have comprehensive data on the total number of victims in the territory of Serbia, but figures released by different stakeholders does not indicate to any significant decline in the presence of this problem. • Update the national referral mechanism with specific identification and referral procedures for children. As reported over the past five years, Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor, … Traffickers exploit Serbian women in sex trafficking in Serbia, in neighboring countries, and throughout Europe, particularly Austria, Germany, Italy, and Turkey. (“IBSSA-ANTI HUMAN TRAFFICKING BUREAU SERBIA”), is oriented towards combating various forms of trafficking and any kind of exploitation of people. The government increased efforts in victim protection. Contrary to expectations, they end up in countries of the region or in Western Europe, where they are forced into sexual services. Signed: 16 May 2005 Ratified: 14 April 2009 Entry into force: 1 August 2009. Our organization “IBSSA-Anti human trafficking Bureau Serbia” (“IBSSA-ANTI HUMAN TRAFFICKING BUREAU SERBIA”), is oriented towards combating various forms of trafficking and any kind of exploitation of people. Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and girls trafficked internationally and within the country for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor … Children, mostly Roma, continued to be trafficked for the purpose … The Witness Protection Law came into force on January 1, 2006. Minimum penalty for human trafficking, that is, for trafficking in a minor, as specified in Article 388, Paragraph 3, has been reduced from five to three years in prison, in spite of general upward trend in the number of children – victims of trafficking. In 2004, the Interior Minister issued an Instruction on conditions for approving temporary residence to foreign citizens victims of human trafficking, according to which a law enforcement authority may approve foreign nationals temporary stay of 3, 6 or 12 months for humanitarian reasons. Local centers for social work (LCSW) often did not intervene in cases of potential forced begging, and forced labor involving Roma. Serbian citizens are equally at risk of all forms of exploitation at home and abroad. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe . For example, the questionnaire used in the identification process was not adapted to children and children often did not understand the questions. ASTRA SOS Hotline is still the only hotline in Serbia specialized for human trafficking problem, both in the area of prevention, direct assistance to trafficking victims and support to their families and communities. Children from Serbia, particularly those from Roma communities, are victims of domestic human trafficking to engage in the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation. Government agencies signed a memorandum of cooperation defining roles and responsibilities for anti-trafficking efforts. "The number of trafficked children rose from 10 to 56 percent, and lately up to 60 percent of identified victims of human trafficking are Serbian citizens," said Serbian Minister of Labor, Employment & Social Welfare Slobodan Lalovic. Recognizing the Signs of Human Trafficking. GRETA reported the Market Inspectorate may take up to two months to react to reports of fraudulent employment offers. • Provide labor inspectors and market inspectors the resources and training necessary to regulate recruitment agencies and investigate cases of fraudulent recruitment. • Train investigators, prosecutors, and judges on victim-centered approaches to trafficking cases. Human traffickers are increasingly using Timisoara, a city of 300,000 people in western Romania, as an anchor point for smuggling migrants towards Western Europe, according to German newspaper, Welt am Sonntag. Another notorious and monstrous crime of so-called Kosovo is human organ trafficking. Observers reported there were no child-friendly premises for interviews and the majority of social workers did not receive specific training on working with children. Thousands of migrants and refugees from Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and neighboring countries transiting through or left stranded in Serbia are vulnerable to trafficking within Serbia. The government allocated 8.02 million dinars ($77,580) to implement the strategy for the first two years. Seventeen traffickers received imprisonment and two received suspended sentences, but the government did not collect or report information on the length of sentences. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. CPTV trained 45 professionals from different sectors on trafficking within migrant flows, 98 social workers on victim identification, and 40 volunteers and professionals on trafficking issues; however, CPTV continued to report many relevant ministries did not consider victim protection as a part of their responsibility. Children from Serbia, particularly those from Roma communities, are victims of domestic human trafficking to engage in the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation. Overview During the breakup of Yugoslavia Serbia was the perpetrator of several human rights violations, most recognizably in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The government implemented the anti-trafficking strategy for 2017-2022 and adopted a national action plan for 2019-2020. For the reasons of different modalities in human trafficking and changing trends that we have observed during our five-year work on this problem, it is very hard to make a profile of the victims of trafficking in Serbia. Vulnerability and exploitation along the Balkan route: Identifying victims of human trafficking in Serbia. These efforts included convicting more traffickers, creating a trafficking task force, and consolidating the investigative jurisdiction of trafficking cases under the Criminal Police Directorate (CPD). Trafficking in Serbia. So far, this trend has remained steady, while the age of children who are most often targeted by traffickers is in decline; and it is well know that the younger the children the more vulnerable they are. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Serbia remained on Tier 2. The government maintained prevention efforts. The existing program of protection is not completely adapted to current trends. • Fully implement written guidance to prevent penalization of trafficking victims for crimes committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking and amend the law to mandate non-penalization of victims. It intersects with issues of fundamental rights and the rule of law, law enforcement and crime control, inequality and … Thirty-two victims were children (18 in 2017) and 57 were female and 19 were male (36 females and four males in 2017). • Vigorously investigate, prosecute, and convict traffickers and sentence them to adequate penalties. Seventeen municipal governments maintained multidisciplinary anti-trafficking teams; however, observers reported most teams did not meet and had minimal activities in 2018. As this Article failed to distinguish between human trafficking and people smuggling, these two offences were separated in the new Criminal Code of Serbia, which came into force on January 1, 2006: trafficking in human beings is governed by the provisions of Article 388 and illegal crossing of the state border and people smuggling by the provisions of Article 350. Some of the female victims were as young as 12 and 15. Traffickers exploit Serbian nationals, primarily men, in forced labor in labor-intensive sectors, such as the construction industry, in European countries (including Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Montenegro, and Russia) and the United Arab Emirates. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Observers reported CPTV lacked specific procedures for child trafficking victims. Specifically, in the largest number of cases, victims of human trafficking are domestic citizens who are trafficked within the territory of our country, i.e. Of these, 34 were victims of sex trafficking, 18 of forced labor, two for forced begging, one for forced criminality, and 21 for multiple types of exploitation (21 were victims of sex trafficking, four of forced labor, four of forced begging, one of forced criminality, and 10 of multiple types of exploitation in 2017). Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes Particularly vulnerable are women with primary and secondary education working on positions for which new labor market circumstances require updated and advanced skills. At the same time, human trafficking is a very dynamic phenomenon, while traffickers, in order to maintain high profits, adapt very quickly to changes in the field and risks that result from improved work of all anti-trafficking actors, changing their modus operandi. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The government continued to lack formal victim identification procedures, and the national referral mechanism was less effective due to a lack of clear roles and responsibilities for various government agencies. Victims’ ability to access support services and assistance was not contingent on cooperating with law enforcement investigations, but once a case was reported to police, authorities required victims to cooperate with investigations and testify during prosecution, including children. • Update the national referral mechanism to provide victims all necessary support services by formalizing cooperation with NGOs and delegating specific roles and responsibilities to government agencies. The government continued to lack formal victim identification procedures, including standardized indicators to screen vulnerable populations. Additionally, GRETA reported CPTV lacked the staff to review cases in a timely manner and resources to travel to the location of potential victims and interview them in person. The law entitled victims to file criminal and civil suits against their traffickers for restitution, but judges continued to encourage victims to seek restitution solely by filing civil suits. Serbian citizens are equally at risk of all forms of exploitation at home and abroad. The National Human Trafficking Hotline maintains a list of potential red flags and indicators of human trafficking to help you recognize some of the signs of human trafficking.. Common Work and Living Conditions. What is the extent of human trafficking in Serbia? The government prosecuted 20 defendants (24 in 2017). Experts reported strengthened cooperation with the PPO but noted prosecutors faced difficulties in distinguishing between labor rights violations and forced labor. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Although the government passed a law designating officially recognized victims as a “particularly vulnerable group” eligible for special assistance and procedural consideration, judges did not consistently assign the status of “especially vulnerable witness” to trafficking victims, including children; this status allowed witnesses to testify without the defendant present and allowed testimony via video link. According to data available to ASTRA, the most frequent form of human trafficking in Serbia is sexual exploitation, i.e. Law enforcement investigated 22 suspects (13 in 2017). Alleged traffickers reportedly influenced some trafficking cases through bribery of the victim or judge. An NGO rented accommodation for male victims as needed and male victims could access all other rehabilitation services offered to female victims. In Greece, North Macedonia and Serbia during 2015–2016, the high numbers of people travelling prevented an adequate response to cases of potential trafficking. Another emerging trend is rise in the share of mentally challenged persons in the total number of identified victims of trafficking. In 2018, according to official data, the Center for the Protection of Victims of Trafficking in Humans formally identified 76 victims of human trafficking, 71 of whom are Serbian nationals, while a report for 2019 is expected by the end of December. Courts convicted 19 traffickers (13 in 2017). The government licensed and regulated private employment agencies; however, observers reported in practice, tourist agencies also performed labor recruitment and were largely unregulated. These cookies do not store any personal information. This Law specifies conditions and procedures for protection and help to those involved criminal procedure and persons close to them, who are at risk because of their participation in criminal proceedings. The government did not provide specialized accommodation for male victims. Publisher. Most often this includes sexual exploitation, but the number of labor exploitation cases has been growing in recent years. In the post conflict period and due to consequent changes in the society, Serbia has also become a country of origin of trafficking victims. Also present is child trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, begging, theft or false adoption, as well as the labor exploitation of children and adults. Police continued to enforce laws against purchasing commercial sex, but the government did not make efforts to reduce demand for forced labor. The Council to Combat Trafficking did not meet in 2018 (once in 2017). Signed: 16 May 2005 Ratified: 14 April 2009 Entry into force: 1 August 2009. Foreign victims are trafficked to Serbia from Macedonia, Ukraine, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, Albania, and the People’s Republic of China. The city "plays a central role as a hotspot for criminal human trafficking organisations on the Balkans," the German federal police told the newspaper. Foreign victims identified in Serbia were from Albania, Cameroon, Denmark, Nigeria, and Pakistan. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. In April 2002, the National Team for Combating Human Trafficking was established, with almost identical list of participants, to operate at the level of the Republic of Serbia. Assistance available to trafficked persons, Local networks / coalitions / platforms / initiatives, International networks / coalitions / platforms / initiatives. Serbia is source, transit, and destination country for children, women, and men trafficked for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, coercion to commit crimes, forced begging and forced marriage. Victims of labor exploitation are mostly children and adult men. • Establish transparent standards and procedures for NGOs to obtain licenses for providing support services. To date, the National Action Plan has not been completed. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Princess Eugenie Travels to Serbia to Help Fight Human Trafficking Ahead of Her Royal Wedding this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Trafficking in human beings is a complex, multi-faceted crime and a severe violation of human rights, concerning all OSCE participating States. Formalize victim identification procedures and ensure their implementation. Since possibilities for immigrating abroad legally are limited, advertisements offering jobs to babysitters, waitresses, nurses or dancers seem attractive to many women who want to leave. People smuggling is booming, and new trafficking hubs are being established. In April 2003, the Criminal Law of the Republic of Serbia was amended and modified to include, inter alia, criminal offence of human trafficking, which was governed by Article 111b. The government identified 76 victims (40 in 2017). These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with those for serious crimes, such as rape. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. But these abuses still go on, says Ed Vulliamy Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The Agency was set up as a result of a joint project of this Ministry and OSCE Mission to the Republic of Serbia. Having signed and ratified the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and Protocols thereto, the Republic of Serbia is under international legal obligation to implement them in practice. The government operated a hotline to collect trafficking-related tips and publicly released information on anti-trafficking efforts, including prosecution data and protection efforts. For 2006 71 victims of human trafficking were registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 31 of whom were locals, 22 from Serbia and Montenegro, six from Moldova, four from Ukraine, three from Croatia, two from Bulgaria and one from each of Switzerland, Russia and Romania, Radio-Television of the Republika Srpska (RTRS) reported. GRETA visited a LCSW-run shelter in Sremska Mitrovica and reported “good living conditions,” but these shelters generally lacked the specialized programs and trained staff necessary for working with trafficking victims. Until now, ASTRA has assisted 507 victims of human trafficking during their recovery by providing legal, medical and psychological assistance as well as … Organization for Security and Co … Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. serbia Each of our member countries hosts an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB). Country monitoring / Serbia / Serbia . Serbia is source, transit, and destination country for children, women, and men trafficked for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, coercion to commit crimes, forced begging and forced marriage. As needed and male victims as needed and male victims could access all other rehabilitation offered... 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